1200-C Agora Drive, #192
Bel Air, MD 21014-6865
Phone: 410.803.1310
Fax: 888.265.6660
Email: info@coverconsulting.com

High Speed Collisions
Many collisions occur at highway speeds. Cover Consulting has investigated and reconstructed thousands of collisions that have occurred at highway speeds. Our education, training and experience has helped us in developing various methods in data collection and the analytical evaluation of that data to assist us in determining how the collision occurred.

Low Speed Collisions
Increased research in recent years indicates that the best way to quantify the severity of low-speed collisions is in the terms of Delta-v. Delta-v is the change in a vehicle's speed and direction over the duration of an impact. When a vehicle experiences a change in speed no greater that 8-10 miles per hour it is classified as a low speed collision. Typically, there is little to no vehicle damage. There have been a number of studies regarding the human response to low speed front, rear and lateral collisions. Researchers have used comparisons in low-speed vehicular impacts with daily activities. Through direct graphical comparison, researchers have quantified familiar activities using instrumented human subjects that are analogous to the magnitude, direction and duration of acceleration that are experienced in low-speed collisions.

Commercial Vehicle Collisions
An accurate investigation and reconstruction of commercial vehicle collisions requires the analyst to be familiar with the mechanical functions, vehicle behavior, performance and peculiarities of commercial vehicles. Commercial vehicles fall under different state and federal regulations than the common motor vehicle. Therefore, commercial vehicle investigation and reconstruction requires the collection of additional data and the application of different analytical procedures than car-to-car collisions.

Motorcycle Collisions
Motorcycles have unique operational characteristics and capabilities. Cover Consulting has been involved in hundreds of motorcycle collision investigations and reconstructions. We have the education, training and experience to properly collect the necessary data from the motorcycle and the collision scene that is essential in determining the circumstances relating to a motorcycle collision.

Pedestrian- or bicycle-versus-vehicle collisions are less understood than typical two car collisions. Collisions involving pedestrians or bicycles generally produce little obvious physical evidence. The physical evidence that is produced is often overlooked by those with an untrained eye. However, those with advanced education, training and experience can make a proper analysis of limited physical evidence and determine the circumstance relating to a pedestrian/bicycle versus vehicle collision.

Forensic Mapping
Cover Consulting uses the latest technology in electronic distance measuring instruments, electronic data collectors and computer based mapping software. The instruments allow us to efficiently and accurately determine and document various types of distances used in our collision scene analysis. The utilization of this technology has greatly enhanced the investigation, reconstruction, mapping and the presentation of our findings.

Vehicle crush measurements and the length of skidmarks are important parts of determining the speeds of vehicles involved in collisions. Photographs of damaged vehicles and the collision scenes are often the only evidence available when the vehicles are no longer available and skidmark evidence has dissipated. Unless photographs are taken at right angles to the surface from which you are attempting to extrapolate measurements, it can be difficult and sometimes impossible to determine accurate dimensions from the photographs because of photographic distortion.

Photogrammetry is the science of extracting measurements from photographs. Our analyst are trained in photogrammetric computer software to take advantage of the information contained in your film-based or digital photographs and create a three-dimensional model and images from which accurate dimensions can be determined. Those dimensions can then be used to calculate vehicle speeds from information that was previously unknown.

Demonstrative Evidence
It's been said repeatedly. "Seeing is believing". "A picture is worth a thousand words". "Jurors remember 80% of what they see and 20% of what they hear". Language is a wonderful and expressive tool, but sometimes it lacks the ability to describe to a layperson the complexities of how a collision did or did not occur. Demonstrative evidence creates clear and powerful visually compelling evidence for depositions, meditations and trials. With today's technology, we are able to produce high quality and cost effective presentations that simplifies and illustrates complex spatial relationships and scientific principles.
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